If the SECOND Resonance that almost happened mentioned last week DID happen, it might allow SILICON life in more abundence, since Silicon is basically two oxygen atoms fusing. So there would be no carbon life, no methane-based life, but possibly Silicon life might exist.
Carbon's ability to bond with itself to make long carbon chains is not unique--a process called catenation--silicon, boron, sulfur and phosphorus can do it too, if perhaps less wide-rangingly--but all of those depend on the formation of higher elements, which means they are dependent on that first resonance that forms carbon. Such long chains are necessary for complex self-replicating molecules, like the DNA which is the basis of all life on Earth.
If molecules cannot self-replicate, there can be no evolution. Period.